Medical Info of Cannabis
Cannabis has been used for medicinal purposes for thousands of years. The prohibition of cannabis in the middle of the 20th century has arrested cannabis research which is why there is little information on the topic in the UK
The marijuana plant contains more than 100 different chemicals called cannabinoids. Each one has a different effect on the body. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are the main chemicals used in medicine. Some of these can help skateboarders deal with pain management.
THC produces the "high" people feel when they smoke marijuana or eat foods containing it. THC activates certain cannabinoid receptors, one of which is in the nerve cells and the other is in the immune cells. When it activates the one in the nerve cells, it reduces the sensation of pain.
CBD produces no “high” but has a lot more medical properties. Using CBD can relive pain instantly and is perfect for after a skate session or even during. Recent meta-analyses of clinical trials that have examined the use of medical cannabis in chronic pain and present a moderate amount of evidence that cannabis/cannabinoids exhibit painkilling activity, especially in neuropathic pain.
One 2018 review assessed how well CBD works to relieve chronic pain. The review looked at studies conducted between 1975 and March 2018.
Based on these studies, researchers concluded that CBD was effective in overall pain management and didn’t cause negative side effects.
One such CBD receptor is “TRPV1” which is the technical abbreviation for “transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V.” another known name for the same receptor – Vanilloid. When CBD binds with TPRV1 (aka the Vanilloid receptor) a process is activated to mediate pain perception, inflammation and body temperature.
So, the pain relief that CBD is known for is not because of the direct ingestion of the cannabinoid but in the way that it interacts with particular receptors. As you might expect, researchers and CBD consumers are making more noise about both clinical and anecdotal evidence of pain relief. A 2008 review examined two decades’ worth of preclinical studies and animal trials before concluding that CBD can be a successful tool for pain management without many adverse side effects. Another 2016 study by the University of Kentucky examined CBD’s effects on arthritic rats and found that the compound reduced inflammation and overall pain.
For more information here is a link about the EU's stance on medical cannabis from EMCDDA:
The top 4 leading countries in Medical Cannabis research are The Netherlands, Israel, Canada, Czech Republic and they have a lot more information regarding medical cannabis. Search google for medical cannabis research and infomation in these countries if you would like to learn more